UNODC acknowledges the important role that regional and international institutions play in the fight against corruption and their contribution to the TRACK portal.
A non-exclusive list of TRACK partner institutions and their activities include:
The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group’s mission is to help reduce poverty, improve living conditions for Africans and mobilize resources for the continent’s economic and social development.
With this objective in mind, the institution aims at assisting African countries – individually and collectively - in their efforts to achieve sustainable economic development and social progress.
Combating poverty is at the heart of the continent’s efforts to attain sustainable economic growth.
To this end, the Bank seeks to stimulate and mobilize internal and external resources to promote investments as well as provide its regional member countries with technical and financial assistance.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is an international development finance institution whose mission is to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people. Headquartered in Manila, and established in 1966, ADB is owned and financed by its 67 members, of which 48 are from the region and 19 are from other parts of the globe. ADB’s main partners are governments, the private sector, nongovernment organizations, development agencies, community-based organizations, and foundations. Under Strategy 2020, a long-term strategic framework adopted in 2008, ADB will follow three complementary strategic agendas: inclusive growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration.
In pursuing its vision, ADB’s main instruments comprise loans, technical assistance, grants, advice, and knowledge.
The International Centre for Asset Recovery (ICAR), part of the Basel Institute of Governance, provides capacity building and training methodologies on-site, in South and Eastern countries, in the areas of financial investigations, asset tracing and recovery as well as mutual legal assistance.
The ICAR provides legal advice and assistance to law enforcement authorities and anti-corruption agencies in handling specific asset recovery cases.
The ICAR offers IT services including an on-line knowledge centre with comprehensive information on various jurisdictions, legislations and law enforcement agencies that deal with asset recovery processes and anti-money laundering.
The ICAR also provides assistance in the implementation and/or review of legal systems and institutions for anti-money laundering and Combating the financing of terrorism.
The Council of Europe is an international intergovernmental organisation distinct from the European Union and founded in 1949 with its seat in Strasbourg, France. Since the 1990s, it has developed a number of multifaceted legal instruments dealing with matters such as the criminalisation of corruption in the public and private sectors, liability and compensation for damage caused by corruption, conduct of public officials and the financing of political parties.
These instruments are aimed at improving the capacity of States to fight corruption domestically as well as at the international level, including the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 173); Civil Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 174); Additional Protocol to the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 191); Twenty Guiding Principles against Corruption (Resolution (97) 24); Recommendation on Codes of Conduct for Public Officials (Recommendation No. R(2000)10); and Recommendation on Common Rules against Corruption in the Funding of Political Parties and Electoral Campaigns (Recommendation Rec(2003)4).
The monitoring of compliance with these standards is entrusted to the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO); it is composed of the 47 States which are members of the Council of Europe, as well as Belarus and the United States of America. GRECO monitoring comprises a) a “horizontal” evaluation procedure (all members are evaluated within an evaluation round) leading to recommendations aimed at furthering the necessary legislative, institutional and practical reforms; b) an impact assessment (“compliance procedure”) designed to appraise the measures taken by its members to implement the recommendations emanating from country evaluations.
GRECO’s fourth evaluation round, which will start on 1 January 2012, will be devoted to corruption prevention in respect of members of parliament, judges and prosecutors.
The approach of the Council of Europe against corruption also comprises a further interrelated component, namely capacity building through technical cooperation.
For an overview of past and current activities concerning corruption and other forms of serious crime such as organised crime and money laundering, see www.coe.int/economiccrime.
The IAACA officially announced its establishment on October 22, 2006 in Beijing, China.
With the aim of facilitating implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), the IAACA has successfully organized series of events in an effort to push forward international cooperation against corruption.
These events covered wide range of topics of international cooperation against corruption, such as international cooperation on effectively implement the UNCAC and efficient preventive measures in the fight against corruption etc.
Fruitful results were achieved in these events, including two declarations on international cooperation against corruption and corruption prevention and an advancement strategy of the IAACA.
Currently the IAACA has more than 300 organizational members which cover nearly all law enforcement for national institutions and bodies entrusted with the task of fighting against corruption and more than 2000 individual members, including prosecutors, investigators and experts with experience in anti-corruption research or practice.
The mission of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems.
The OECD has been a key player in the fight against corruption for more than a decade, and in setting and promoting international anti-corruption standards and principles by combating the “supply side” of bribery; preventing bribery through export credits; denying the tax deductibility of bribes; promoting responsible business conduct; preventing corruption in the public sector and improving governance through development assistance.
The OECD also developed the CleanGovBiz initiative (www.cleangovbiz.org) - which offers a comprehensive toolkit to support governments, business and civil society in their efforts to build integrity and fight corruption across the board.
The U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre assists donor practitioners in more effectively addressing corruption challenges through their development support by providing resources and services.
Through an extensive online resource centre, U4 guides users to relevant anti-corruption resources, including its own applied research, a helpdesk service, and online as well as in-country training on anti-corruption measures and strategies for partner agencies and their counterparts.
The U4 Resource Centre is operated by the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen, Norway, a private social science research foundation working on issues of development and human rights.
The web server and the core team behind U4 are based at CMI.
UNDP is the UN’s global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
It operates on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges.
Globally, the Democratic Governance Group tracks governance policy, promotes knowledge networks, and contributes to shaping the global dialogue on governance.
The UNDP Oslo Governance Centre assesses progress and publishes good thinking in policy and practice.
UNDP supports efforts to advance democratic governance in four main areas: expanding people’s opportunities to participate in political decision-making, particularly those of women and the poor; making democratic institutions more accountable and responsive to citizens, supporting national parliaments, public administrations and rule of law; promoting the principles of democratic governance — in particular, anti-corruption, human rights, women’s empowerment and equal opportunity; and supporting country-led democratic governance assessments that help countries to assess their needs, monitor their progress and achieve their goals.
The United Nations Global Compact, established in 2000, is a worldwide forum of companies that have committed to voluntarily align their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.
The UN Global Compact is the world’s largest corporate responsibility initiative – with over 7,500 signatories based in more than 135 countries and local networks existing or emerging in 90 countries.
As a multi-stakeholder initiative with participants located in developed, emerging and developing economies, it is a truly global and representative initiative.
The 10th principle of the UN Global Compact states that “Business should work against corruption in any form, including bribery and extortion”.
Adopted in June 2004, the 10th principle was saluted as the private sector’s response to Governments’ adoption of UNCAC, thus underscoring that public and private actors share responsibility for fighting corruption.
As the sole global legal instrument to prevent and combat corruption both in public and private affairs, the UN Convention against Corruption was designated by the United Nations Secretary-General as the 10th principle’s underlying legal instrument.
UNODC is the UN “guardian” agency of the 10th principle and as such has an important advisory role with respect to the management of the UN Global Compact integrity measures and dialogue facilitation.
UNICRI is a United Nations entity mandated to assist intergovernmental, governmental and non-governmental organizations in formulating and implementing improved policies in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice.
UNICRI’s goals are to advance understanding of crime-related problems; to foster just and efficient criminal justice systems; to support the respect of international instruments and other standards; and to facilitate international law enforcement cooperation and judicial assistance.
With more than 40 years of experience, UNICRI has been structuring its work programmes and modus operandi to make them responsive to the needs of the international community.
UNICRI’ s activities tackle major concerns in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice, such as corruption, security, organized crime (in particular, trafficking of persons as well as illicit drugs and arms).
Other areas of intervention are, inter alia, violence, both domestic and in the workplace; environmental- and cyber-crimes; protection of victims and cultural heritage.
UNICRI also conducts major programs in criminal justice reform, with a special focus on juvenile justice.
UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime.
Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of field offices.
UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
In the Millennium Declaration, Member States also resolved to intensify efforts to fight transnational crime in all its dimensions, to redouble the efforts to implement the commitment to counter the world drug problem and to take concerted action against international terrorism.
The three pillars of the UNODC work programme are: field-based technical cooperation projects to enhance the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism; research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand the evidence base for policy and operational decisions; and normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of the relevant international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to the treaty-based and governing bodies.
StAR is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime that supports international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds.
StAR works with developing countries and financial centers to prevent the laundering of the proceeds of corruption and to facilitate more systematic and timely return of stolen assets.
StAR’s work is built on four key pillars: empowerment; partnerships; innovation; and international standards.
Concrete actions of the StAR Initiative include: building institutional capacity in developing countries for requesting technical assistance to strengthen their prosecuting agencies and bring their laws in compliance with UNCAC; strengthening the integrity of financial markets, including bringing financial centers into compliance with anti-money laundering legislation that would detect and deter laundering of illicit proceeds, and strengthening the capacity of financial intelligence units around the world to enhance cooperation between them; assisting the asset recovery process of developing countries by providing loans or grants to finance the start up costs, providing advice on hiring legal counsel, and facilitating cooperation between countries; and monitoring the use of recovered assets so that repatriated funds are used for development purposes, such as social programs, better education and infrastructure.
The World Bank provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world..
Its mission is to fight poverty for lasting results and to help people help themselves and their environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors..
The World Bank is made up of two development institutions owned by 187 member countries: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)..
Their work is complemented by that of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).